Maintain gingko tree as bonsai at home – the most important tips and information
The Ginkgo biloba is an absolutely unique tree species. It is native to China and archaeological finds can be traced back over 270 million years, making it a real living fossil. While there are several varieties today that have more elongated, greenish-white leaves or a shrubby habit, the Ginkgo tree is the last surviving member of his family. This sturdy plant can easily become 100 years old or older, with the oldest living ginkgo tree supposedly over 4,000 years old. Both the uniquely shaped fan blades and the stinking fruits of these plants offer numerous health benefits. Their ability to improve memory and general health is well documented. Therefore, in traditional Asian medicine, the ginkgo tree is often considered a "fountain of youth".
The variety "Majestic Butterfly" has unusually striped leaves
Ginkgo biloba "Snow Cloud" has white spots on the leaves that make it appear snowy
And this "Mariken" variety grows no larger than 240 cm and is therefore perfect for bonsai
The characteristic fan leaves remain bright green in spring and summer and turn yellow in the autumn. The Ginkgo tree is dioecious getrenntgeschlechtig, which is clear from the age of 20 years. While males produce only pollen, females carry yellow, plum-like fruits that, however, stink of rancid butter and contain a large nut. That's why you'll find only male ginkgos in urban settings. If you look at a female and want to harvest its fruit for reproduction, you must visit a botanical garden.
The evil smell of the fruit actually attracted dinosaurs and ancient mammals
With good growth conditions, these amazing trees can grow to more than 50 meters. However, when bred as bonsai, ginkgos only grow as high as their pots allow and can be trimmed, making their domestic cultivation easier. Like all other bonsai, however, the ginkgo tree requires very specific and careful care. We give you the most important tips so that you can enjoy your bonsai for a long time.
The Ginkgo Tree Alley on Nami Island is one of the most photographed places in South Korea
1,400-year-old ginkgo grows next to the Gu Guanyin Buddhist temple in China
Proper care for your ginkgo tree will reward you year after year with interesting growth and saturated colors
Light and temperatureThe older the ginkgo tree, the more sunny its location may be. Young plants prefer to stand in partial shade. Room temperatures are the bonsai's favorite and it can be brought out in warm weather. In winter, however, the Ginkgo biloba must be protected from frost.
waterDuring the entire growing season you may water your bonsai every day. The soil must not be too damp or too dry. In winter, the tree needs rest and needs less watering.
ground: The ginkgo tree grows in nature under harsh conditions. Therefore, the ideal soil for this bonsai should be fairly dry and contain about 10% sand and gravel with a pH of 5 to 5.5.
repotting: Young ginkgo bonsai should be repotted every spring, preferably just before new leaves appear. They do not tolerate a large root reduction. After the age of 10, you only have to repot the ginkgo every two to three years.
fertilization: Your ginkgo tree needs regular fertilization throughout the growing season, twice a month with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer diluted to half of its normal concentration.
Despite its stubbornness, the ginkgo tree can be grown as a bonsai
Welcome one of the world's oldest plant species to your home
Trimmingung: The ginkgo tree is very sensitive to pruning. Unlike most bonsai, cut scars do not heal over time. Pruning should be done only in spring or autumn, with only tufts reduced to two or three leaves. Style your bonsai tree to its natural, irregular flame shape.
proliferationUnlike seeds, you can guarantee the sex of your bonsai based on cuttings. Harvest about 15 cm long cuttings from spring to midsummer. Dip the ends in root hormone and plant them directly into a moist, well-drained soil. Place the young plants in a partially shaded, warm place to promote rooting.
Pests and diseases: The ginkgo tree is mostly pest-free and tolerates pollution well. It effectively filters the ambient air and is therefore often planted in urban areas. The survivability of ginkgo was particularly evident in Hiroshima. Six trees grew less than two kilometers from the historic atomic bomb blast and were some of the few survivors in the area. Despite damage, the six trees still thrive today. Find more 10 incredible facts about the ginkgo tree here.
From this grove you can pull cuttings
Watch the incredible color transformation in the fall
The ginkgo tree is a sturdy plant that can visually enhance the look of your garden or home. It requires little care and delights the eye with a spectacular display of the seasonal color change. Welcome this fantastic living fossil in your life.
Aqua Bonsai is a new style using hydroponic technology
Ginkgo biloba contains powerful antioxidants that fight the harmful effects of free radicals
This green foliage is totally unmistakable
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