Modern Architecture: Short and Practical Guide for Beginners – Part 2
In the first part of the article we introduced you to the purposes and principles of modern architecture. In the following lines we will present the styles that are to be regarded as “modern architecture” in the broadest sense. Then we have another helpful and interesting list. In this you will find the names of some famous architects who have built in these styles. We hope that by the end of this post you will have a very clear idea of what modern architecture actually is.
Art Deco – from 1925
Modern architecture – different styles
This modern style was first invented in France before World War I. Art Deco is the abbreviation of the longer term Arts Décoratifs. It was presented in the 1925 “Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes” exhibition. In German the name of this fair means “International Exhibition for Modern Decorative Arts and Crafts”. Within this style, noble materials and craftsmanship are combined with one another. Art Deco is a symbol of the idea of glamor, excess, luxury and the fascination of technological progress.
The garden city movement – since 1898
The garden city movement
The garden city movement was initiated by Sir Ebenezer Howard in Great Britain in 1898. At that time, independent communities emerged surrounded by the so-called green belts, in which a balance was achieved between agriculture and industrialization. This is a very important example of how modern architecture can meet sustainability.
Neoplasticism – from 1917
Modern architecture also includes so-called neo-plasticism. This art and architecture movement began in 1917. It advocated pure abstraction and universality. Colors and shapes should be reduced to their basics. The works of neo-plasticism only include horizontal and vertical lines, primary colors, and black and white.
Expressionism – 1920s
Expressionism was invented in Europe in the 20s of the last century. “Brick” was a special direction within it that was common in western and northern Germany.
International style – 20s and 30s
The international style was developed in the 20s and 30s of the 20th century. Its main proponents were Philip Johnson and Henry Russell Hitchcock. The main goal of this architecture was to make the buildings appear tall but light at the same time. Ornaments and colors have been reduced to a minimum. This was achieved through the multiple use of modular shapes in combination with many flat surfaces and wide glass walls.
Constructivism – 20s and 30s
The constructivist architecture comes from the former Soviet Union and was very popular there in the 20s and 30s of the last century. Traditional engineering knowledge was combined with advanced technologies. The purpose was to provide living space in the large socialist cities.
Metabolism – 1960s
Metabolism is an architectural style from the 1960s and comes from Japan. The architects of this style saw the buildings as organisms intended to animate the cities.
Brutalism – 1970s
Brutalism became popular in the 1970s, first in Europe and then around the world. Modern architecture in this style is determined by unique block-like structures. The buildings were mainly made of hard materials. Fair-faced concrete was preferred for the building structures. There are also some Brutalist brick buildings.
Deconstructivism – typical of the 80s
Deconstructivism started in the 80s. Buildings in this style look like fragments from completely enclosed buildings. One deliberately renounces continuity, symmetry and harmony. The idea for this comes from the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. Through this type of art one tries to achieve the feeling of "controlled chaos" and "unpredictability".
Fabulous example of neo-futuristic architecture
This term is somewhat ambiguous. On the one hand, this is the slang term for neofuturism. This means the super innovative contemporary architecture. Buildings in this style appear like a vision of the future due to their high-tech or ultra-modern design. Some also call this style neofuturism.
Futurism – founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in the 90s
“Futuristic architecture” is also a term from the 90s. It was invented by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in 1990 and it is widely used in urban planning thanks to the architect Antonio Sant’Elia. This futurism is determined by long dynamic lines. Other typical properties are the chromaticism, the feeling of movement and even of speed. In the character of the structures one recognizes at the same time a certain exuberance of feeling and feels a certain urgency.
High-tech architecture – from the 70s
High tech architecture
The high-tech architecture is also known as structural expressionism. The movement began in the 70s and it has combined new technologies and high-tech industry. Structural expressionism serves as a bridge between modernism and postmodernism.
Mid-century modern – 18th century
This style is more popular in furniture and interior design than in architecture. It refers to the specific works of art that were created in the 1850s.
List of famous modern architects:
- Frank Gehry,
- Frank Lloyd Wright,
- Leoh Ming Pei,
- Zaha Hadid,
- Philip Johnson,
- Tom Wright,
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,
- Renzo Piano,
- Jean Nouvel,
- Moshe Safdie.
Modern architecture and all its directions can serve as inspiration for your own home too. From this you will learn how the designs can follow your needs and the desired functions. This always creates a very individual structure that also looks very practical! We firmly believe that with this background knowledge you will understand our articles for contemporary and modern architecture even better.
Modern architectural works change the landscape
Even this simple house influences the perception of the surroundings
Some modern works of architecture look as if they have been brought from the future
The ornaments always have a practical function in modern architecture
The multiple use of the same modules is also typical
Minimalism and restraint are main principles of modern architecture
Living ideas and decoration –